Assisted Reproductive Techniques (ART)
Intrauterin Insemination (IUI)
involves a laboratory procedure to separate fast moving sperm from more sluggish or non-moving sperm. The fast moving sperm are then placed into the woman’s womb close to the time of ovulation.
In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)
literally means ‘fertilisation in glass’ giving us the familiar term ‘test tube baby’. During the IVF process, eggs are harvested from the ovaries and fertilised with sperm in the laboratory. The fertilised egg (embryo) is later placed in the woman’s womb.
Donor Insemination (DI)
uses sperm from a donor to help the woman become pregnant.
Sperm donors are screened for sexually transmitted diseases and some genetic disorders. In DI, sperm from the donor is placed into the womb at the time around the time of ovulation.
Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
involves injecting a single sperm directly into an egg in order to fertilise it. The fertilised egg (embryo) is then transferred to the woman’s womb. The major development of ICSI means that as long as some sperm can be obtained (even in very low numbers), fertilisation is possible.