Minimal access surgery has revolutionised the field of gynaecology becoming established in everyday practice. The use of minimally invasive approaches allows for a much more cosmetic surgery, resulting in less discomfort after the operation, short hospitalisation, quick recovery and prompt return to daily activities.
Laparoscopy involves putting a small telescope called laparoscope through a very small incision in the abdomen to visualise the inside of the abdominal cavity, particularly the uterus, tubes and ovaries. Additional instruments can be inserted using other small incisions (0.5-1 cm each). The laparoscopy can be performed for both diagnostic and therapeutic gynaecological purposes.
Hysteroscopy consists of inserting a thin telescope called hysteroscope through the cervix (neck of the womb) to visualise the uterine cavity (womb). The procedure can be performed for both diagnostic and therapeutic gynaecological purposes.